Technical Textile & Factors Affecting Performance

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Information about Technical Textile & Factors Affecting Performance

Phil Puccio

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Technical textile different from traditional. Traditional textiles are used for everyday items such as clothing, bedding, towels, etc. On the other hand, technical textiles are manufactured for special requirements such as extreme weather conditions.

People use this type of textile for specific purposes, e.g. in heavy-duty workwear, safety gear, uniforms that withstand extreme temperatures, etc.

Some people have jobs that expose them to many hazards and require proper clothing to protect them. Technical textiles help in extreme weather conditions or other potentially harmful situations.

Which factors influence the performance of technical textiles? What distinguishes them from other textiles? Let’s answer these questions below.

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The production process is the most important thing when a garment is made for a specific purpose or task. Depending on what the item is used for, the production processes can be very different. For example, we cannot use the same production process for seat belts and uniforms.

Many production processes produce different products. For example, 3D fabrics (usually stronger and stiffer than other materials) are used on aircraft and marines and provide increased security. Items made using this process offer more protection than some other materials.

Another example is the use of nonwoven processes to produce highly durable articles. For example, Erez Therm uses this process to manufacture products whose purpose is to pass the test of durability on boats and other marine safety items.

Overall, the production process used impacts the performance of any technical textile, creating fabrics for different purposes. The performance of each of these materials will vary considerably.


In the manufacture of technical textiles, their structures also affect performance. For example, using an airlaid structure for anything other than wet wipes will not show good performance results for that particular purpose.

Many structures are available, and each has its purpose and creates its unique materials. For example Jason Mills Inc. uses the hydroentanglement structure to make his health textiles, which they can later use for uniforms, hats, gloves, masks, etc.

Before we create a specific technical textile, we need to know its purpose. The structure of the fabric can significantly affect its performance, making it stronger, softer, rougher, etc. depending on its intended use.

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The properties of technical textiles also have a significant impact on the performance of a material. In the following sections we explain some properties of technical textiles.

  • Insect repellent – some technical textiles have insect repellent properties. These textiles are made for those who work outside and are exposed to insects. Some examples can be mosquitoes, bugs, ticks, etc.
  • Antibacterial – this property is present in almost all technical textiles and is one of the most important properties. Since these textiles are made for specific purposes such as work, they need to be antibacterial and protect the body from bacteria from outside.
  • Odor Resistant – As mentioned earlier, technical textiles are made for specific purposes and these textiles need to be odor resistant. People who wear technical textiles are constantly on the move, and it’s much more comfortable to be in odor-resistant clothing.
  • Flame retardant – Another important property that technical textiles can have is flame retardancy. This property protects the body from heat and flame. Such materials are used to make firefighter uniforms.
  • UV Resistant – UV rays can become our worst enemies, especially if we are exposed to them often. People who work outdoors all the time have a higher risk of skin cancer from UV rays. Luckily, technical textiles offer UV-resistant properties, so you don’t have to worry about your invisible enemies.

There are many other properties that can influence the performance of technical textiles. However, the properties used for different materials also depend on the intended use of the fabric.


In the technical textile industry, fibers play a crucial role in performance. There are many different types of fibers but we can group them into five categories: natural, synthetic, regenerated, mineral and metallic. All these fibers are used in the technical textile industry.

For example, technical textile industries incorporate metal fibers into their textiles to create a textile that is resistant to weight and strain. Materials become stiffer and more durable than they would be without these fibers.

On the other hand, if you want to make a toothbrush, you are more likely to choose natural or synthetic materials such as bamboo or acrylic. These fibers are not as hard and serve a different purpose than the ones previously mentioned.


Technical textiles are an excellent way to create materials for a specific purpose. These materials are very durable and can stand the test of time. Some examples of using these materials for different purposes are work clothes, marine equipment, etc.

However, some things can affect the performance of these textiles. These factors relate to the production process, structure, properties and fibers used to create a material.

However, the performance of technical textiles mainly depends on the intended use of the material.

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